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Linux常用的命令全拼及详解

信息来源:未知 发布时间:2019-08-09 09:54 点击数:

命令缩写:
 
pwd:print work directory 打印当前目录 显示出当前工作目录的绝对路径
 
 ps: process status(进程状态,类似于windows的任务管理器) 
 
常用参数:-auxf 
 
 ps -auxf 显示进程状态
 
 df: disk free 其功能是显示磁盘可用空间数目信息及空间结点信息。换句话说,就是报告在任何安装的设备或目录中,还剩多少自由的空间。
 
du: Disk usage 
 
rpm:即RedHat Package Management,是RedHat的发明之一 
 
rmdir:Remove Directory(删除目录)
 
 rm:Remove(删除目录或文件)
 
 cat: concatenate 连锁
 
 cat file1file2>>file3 把文件1和文件2的内容联合起来放到file3中
 
 insmod: install module,载入模块
 
ln -s : link -soft 创建一个软链接,相当于创建一个快捷方式
 
mkdir:Make Directory(创建目录)
 
touch 
 
 man: Manual 
 
su:Swith user(切换用户)
 
cd:Change directory  
 
ls:List files  
 
ps:Process Status  
 
mkdir:Make directory  
 
rmdir:Remove directory  
 
mkfs: Make file system  
 
fsck:File system check  
 
uname: Unix name 
 
lsmod: List modules 
 
mv: Move file 
 
rm: Remove file 
 
cp: Copy file 
 
ln: Link files 
 
fg: Foreground 
 
bg: Background 
 
chown: Change owner 
 
chgrp: Change group
 
chmod: Change mode  
 
umount: Unmount 
 
dd: 本来应根据其功能描述“Convert an copy”命名为“cc”,但“cc”已经被用以代表“CComplier”,所以命名为“dd”
 
tar:Tape archive (磁带档案)
 
ldd:List dynamic dependencies  
 
insmod:Install module  
 
rmmod:Remove module  
 
lsmod:List module 
 
文件结尾的"rc"(如.bashrc、.xinitrc等):Resource configuration 
 
Knnxxx /Snnxxx(位于rcx.d目录下):K(Kill);S(Service);
 
nn(执行顺序号);xxx(服务标识)
 
.a(扩展名a):Archive,static library  
 
.so(扩展名so):Shared object,dynamically linked library  
 
.o(扩展名o):Object file,complied result of C/C++ source file  
 
RPM:Red hat package manager  
 
dpkg:Debian package manager 
 
apt:Advanced package tool(Debian或基于Debian的发行版中提供)
 
部分Linux命令缩写
 
bin = Binaries (二进制文件)
 
/dev = Devices (设备)
 
/etc = Etcetera (等等)
 
/lib = LIBrary  
 
/proc = Processes 
 
/sbin = Superuser Binaries (超级用户的二进制文件)
 
/tmp = Temporary (临时)
 
/usr = Unix Shared Resources 
 
/var = Variable (变量) 
 
FIFO = First In, First Out 
 
GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader 
 
IFS= Internal Field Seperators 
 
LILO = LInux LOader 
 
MySQL = My 是最初作者女儿的名字,
 
SQL = Structured QueryLanguage  
 
PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP HypertextPreprocessor 
 
PS = Prompt String     
 
Perl = "Pratical Extraction and Report Language"(实际的抽取和报告语言) ="Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister" 
 
Python 得名于电视剧Monty Python's Flying Circus 
 
Tcl = Tool Command Language  
 
Tk = ToolKit 
 
VT = Video Terminal 
 
YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool
 
apache = "a patchy" server 
 
apt = Advanced Packaging Tool 
 
ar = archiver 
 
as = assembler
 
awk = "Aho Weiberger and Kernighan"三个作者的姓的第一个字母
 
bash = Bourne Again SHell 
 
bc = Basic (Better) Calculator 
 
bg = BackGround 
 
biff = 作者HeidiStettner在U.C.Berkely养的一条狗,喜欢对邮递员汪汪叫。
 
cal = Calendar (日历)
 
cat = Catenate (链接)
 
cd = Change Directory 
 
chgrp = Change Group 
 
chmod = Change Mode 
 
chown = Change Owner 
 
chsh = Change Shell 
 
cmp = compare  
 
cobra = Common Object Request BrokerArchitecture 
 
comm = common 
 
cp = Copy 
 
cpio = CoPy In and Out
 
cpp = C Pre Processor 
 
cron = Chronos 希腊文时间
 
cups = Common Unix Printing System 
 
cvs = Current Version System 
 
daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor 
 
dc = Desk Calculator 
 
dd = Disk Dump (磁盘转储)
 
df = Disk Free 
 
diff = Difference 
 
dmesg = diagnostic message 
 
du = Disk Usage 
 
ed = editor 
 
egrep = Extended GREP 
 
elf = Extensible Linking Format 
 
elm = ELectronic Mail 
 
emacs = Editor MACroS 
 
eval = EVALuate 
 
ex = EXtended 
 
exec = EXECute (执行)
 
fd = file descriptors 
 
fg = ForeGround
 
fgrep = Fixed GREP 
 
fmt = format 
 
fsck = File System ChecK 
 
fstab = FileSystem TABle 
 
fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager 
 
gawk = GNU AWK 
 
gpg = GNU Privacy Guard 
 
groff = GNU troff 
 
hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer 
 
joe = Joe's Own Editor 
 
ksh = Korn SHell 
 
lame = Lame Ain't an MP3 Encoder 
 
lex = LEXical analyser 
 
lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of IrritatingSuperfluous Parentheses 
 
ln = Link
 
lpr = Line PRint 
 
ls = list 
 
lsof = LiSt Open Files 
 
m4 = Macro processor Version 4 
 
man = MANual pages 
 
mawk = Mike Brennan's AWK
 
mc = Midnight Commander 
 
mkfs = MaKe FileSystem 
 
mknod = Make Node 
 
motd = Message of The Day 
 
mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa 
 
mtab = Mount TABle 
 
mv = Move 
 
nano = Nano's ANOther editor 
 
nawk = New AWK  
 
nl = Number of Lines 
 
nm = names 
 
nohup = No HangUP 
 
nroff = New ROFF 
 
od = Octal Dump 
 
passwd = Passwd
 
pg = pager 
 
pico = PIne's message COmposition editor 
 
pine = "Program for Internet News &Email" = "Pine is not Elm" 
 
ping = 拟声 又 = Packet Internet Grouper 
 
pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability 
 
popd = POP Directory
 
pr = pre 
 
printf = Print Formatted 
 
ps = Processes Status 
 
pty = pseudo tty 
 
pushd = PUSH Directory 
 
pwd = Print Working Directory 
 
rc = runcom = run command, rc还是plan9的shell 
 
rev = REVerse 
 
rm = ReMove  
 
rn = Read News 
 
roff = RunOFF 
 
rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat PackageManager 
 
rsh, rlogin, rvim中的
 
r = Remote 
 
rxvt = ouR XVT 
 
seamoneky = 我
 
sed = Stream Editor 
 
seq = SEQuence 
 
shar = Shell ARchive 
 
slrn = S-Lang rn 
 
ssh = Secure Shell
 
ssl = Secure Sockets Layer 
 
stty = Set TTY 
 
su = Substitute User 
 
svn = SubVersion 
 
tar = Tape ARchive 
 
tcsh = TENEX C shell  
 
tee = T (T形水管接口) 
 
telnet = TEminaL over Network 
 
termcap = terminal capability 
 
terminfo = terminal information 
 
tex = τέχνη的缩写,希腊文art 
 
tr = traslate 
 
troff = Typesetter new ROFF 
 
tsort = Topological SORT 
 
tty = TeleTypewriter 
 
twm = Tom's Window Manager 
 
tz = TimeZone 
 
udev = Userspace DEV 
 
ulimit = User's LIMIT 
 
umask = User's MASK 
 
uniq = UNIQue
 
i = VIsual = Very Inconvenient 
 
vim = Vi IMproved 
 
wall = write all 
 
wc = Word Count   
 
wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator 
 
xargs = eXtended ARGuments 
 
xdm = X Display Manager 
 
xlfd = X Logical Font Description 
 
xmms = X Multimedia System 
 
xrdb = X Resources DataBase 
 
xwd = X Window Dump 
 
yacc = yet another compiler compiler 
 
Fish = the Friendly Interactive SHell 
 
su = Switch User 
 
MIME = Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions 
 
ECMA = European Computer ManufacturersAssociation
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